As the popularity of CBD, otherwise known as cannabidiol, skyrockets, millions of people are now incorporating it as part of their wellness routines*. But what about our furry friends?
There are almost 90 million dogs in the US. Over 70% of households have at least one dog. We love our pets and want the best for them, so of course, we'd like them to enjoy the same perks of CBD as humans.
While CBD is great for humans and animals, there are some differences between CBD for humans and our pets. So, what's the difference between human CBD and pet CBD? Let's find out!
The Endocannabinoid System in Animals
Almost all animals have an endocannabinoid system (ECS), including mammals, birds, reptiles, fish, and even sea urchins and mussels.
The ECS is a complex system of receptors and other physiological compounds in the body that help keep the body in balance in a state called homeostasis. The ECS is responsible for many processes, like regulating mood and emotions, dealing with pain and inflammation, and improving sleep and appetite.
The cannabinoid receptors that CBD activates are the CB1 and CB2 receptors. CB1 receptors are found in the central nervous system, while CB2 receptors are primarily found in tissues.
However, unlike THC, CBD doesn't bind to the receptors. Instead, it inhibits enzymes that affect the receptors, potentially promoting relaxation and improved mood.
Read this if you'd like an in-depth look at the ECS.
CBD for Pets: Trends and Statistics
The popularity of CBD for pets is rising faster than it is for humans. In 2021, CBD pet product sales in the US totaled $629 million, almost 50% more than in 2020.
While cats and horses also account for some CBD use, most sales (77%) were for dogs. The market for pet CBD products is expected to see a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 12% from 2017 - 2027.
While the fastest growth rate is from the Asia Pacific, North America continues to be the largest consumer of CBD.
Pet CBD vs. Human CBD: What's the Difference?
If you want to share your CBD products with your pet, read on! Here are the distinct differences between pet CBD and human CBD.
Potency and Dosage
Humans and dogs need a different amount of CBD. Most dogs are much smaller than us, and they will not require the dosage meant for humans. CBD products intended for dogs tend to be less potent than a dose of human CBD oil meant for an average-sized adult.
Formula and Flavor
Pet CBD products are also often flavored specifically for animals. For example, CBD dog treats, a common way to administer CBD, are often flavored with bacon, beef, or peanut butter.
THC is toxic to dogs in high amounts. Most CBD products come with a maximum of 0.03% THC, according to the 2018 Farm Bill. Although this trace amount isn't likely to cause any psychoactive effects in normal doses, many owners would opt for zero-THC products for peace of mind.
That's why all Fab CBD dog treats are 100% THC-free! In addition, they are wheat, corn, and soy-free to protect the pooches with sensitive tummies or allergies.
Is CBD Safe for Pets?
CBD is entirely safe for pets if you follow the dosage instructions and clear it with your veterinarian. Millions of pet owners worldwide are incorporating CBD into their beloved pet's wellness routine. *
Always buy high-quality items from trusted sources whose products have a Certificate of Analysis (COA) and undergo third-party testing to verify the purity, potency, and THC levels. Remember that THC is toxic to animals at high doses, so any cross-contamination that results in increased THC levels can harm your pet.
Be sure to monitor your pet for any side effects from CBD, like drowsiness, changes in appetite, or dry mouth. Although rare, these side effects could indicate that your dog may not be the best candidate for CBD products.
Learn more in our blog post - Is CBD Safe for Dogs?
Can I Give My Pet Human CBD Products?
Some human CBD products, like CBD oils, might be safe for your pet if you follow the dosage instructions and manufacturer's guidelines.
However, make sure the human CBD product doesn't contain any additives that can be harmful or even deadly to dogs, like peppermint, garlic, xylitol, and chocolate.
Before starting your dog on any CBD product, consult with your veterinarian, especially if your dog has an existing medical condition and is on medication.
CBD for Pets vs. Humans: Final Thoughts
So there you have it! We do not have the same body, metabolism, and internal systems as our furry friends, so it's better to be safe than sorry and stick to CBD meant for animals.
To ensure your pup enjoys CBD's health benefits*, check out our tasty apple and peanut butter-flavored dog treats. They contain zero THC, but we've included other beneficial* cannabinoids and terpenes that your pooch will thank you for!
*This statement has not been evaluated by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA). This product is not intended to diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent any disease.